iPhone vs Android: two different approaches to photography and machine learning


Apple’s computational photography aims for realism

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A controversy with Samsung’s phone cameras has renewed the conversation around computational photography and highlights the difference between it and Apple’s approach in iOS.

It’s no big secret that Apple relies on advanced algorithms and computational photography for nearly every feature of its iPhone camera. However, users are beginning to wonder where to draw the line between these algorithms and something more intrusive, such as post-capture pixel corruption.

In this article, we’ll examine the controversy surrounding Samsung’s moon photos, how the company approaches computational photography, and what it means for Apple and its competitors in the future.

Computational Photography

Computational photography is not a new concept. This became necessary as people wanted more performance from their tiny smartphone cameras.

The basic idea is that computers can perform billions of operations in an instant, like pressing the shutter on a camera, to override the need for basic edits or apply more advanced corrections. The more we can program the computer to do after the shutter is pressed, the better the photo will be.

It started with Apple’s dual camera system in the iPhone 7. Other earlier photographic innovations like Live Photos could be considered computational photography, but Portrait mode was the turning point for Apple.

Apple introduced Portrait mode in 2016, which took depth data from both iPhone 7 Plus cameras to create artificial bokeh. The company claimed that this was possible thanks to the dual camera system and the advanced image signal processor, which performed 100 billion operations per photo.

Needless to say, it wasn’t perfect, but it was a step into the future of photography. Camera technology would continue to adapt to the smartphone form factor, chips would become faster, and image sensors would become more powerful per square inch.

Portrait mode uses computational photography to separate the foreground

Portrait mode uses computational photography to separate the foreground

In 2023, it is not uncommon to shoot blurry video at the cinema using advanced computing engines with mixed results. Computational photography is everywhere, from the photonic engine to photographic styles — an algorithm processes every photo taken on iPhone. Yes, even ProRAW.

This was all necessitated by people’s desire to capture their lives with the device they had at hand – their iPhone. Dedicated cameras have physics on their side with big sensors and giant lenses, but the average person doesn’t want to spend hundreds or thousands of dollars on a dedicated rig.

So, computational photography has stepped in to improve what tiny sensors in smartphones can do. Advanced algorithms built on large databases instruct the image signal processor on how to capture the ideal image, process noise and expose a subject.

However, there is a big difference between using computational photography to enhance the camera’s capabilities and modifying an image based on data the sensor never captured.

Samsung’s moonshot

To be clear: Apple uses machine learning models – or “AI, artificial intelligence” for those who use the poorly coined popular new buzzword – for computational photography. Algorithms provide information on controlling multiple image captures to produce the best results or create depth of field profiles.

The image processor analyzes skin tone, sky, plants, pets, etc. to provide proper coloring and exposure, not pixel replacement. It doesn’t look for objects, like the moon, to provide specific enhancements based on information outside the camera sensor.

We’re pointing this out because those debating Samsung’s moon photos have used Apple’s computational photography as an example of how other companies perform these photo edits. This is simply not the case.

Samsung's lunar algorithm in action.  Credit: u/ibreakphotos on Reddit

Samsung’s lunar algorithm in action. Credit: u/ibreakphotos on Reddit

Samsung has documented how Samsung phones, since the Galaxy S10, have processed images using object recognition and modification. The Scene Optimizer started recognizing the moon with the Galaxy S21.

As described in the newly released document, “AI” recognizes the moon through learned data, and the detail enhancement engine function is applied to make the photo clearer with multi-frame synthesis and learning automatique.

Basically, Samsung devices will recognize an unmasked moon and then use other high resolution moon images and data to synthesize a better output. The result is not an image captured by the device’s camera, but something new and manufactured.

Overall, this system is smart because the moon looks the same no matter where it is seen on earth. The only thing that changes is the color of the light reflected from its surface and the phase of the moon itself. Improving the moon in a photo will always be a simple calculation.

Samsung and Apple devices take multi-shot exposure for advanced calculations. Both analyze multiple captured images for the best part of each and merge them into a single top image. However, Samsung is adding an additional step for objects recognized as the moon, which introduces new data from other high-resolution lunar images to correct the moon in the final captured image.

Samsung's Lunar Algorithm Explained.  Credit: Samsung

Samsung’s Lunar Algorithm Explained. Credit: Samsung

That’s not necessarily a bad thing. It’s just not something that Samsung hasn’t made clear in its advertising or product marketing, which can confuse customers.

The problem with this process, and why a debate exists, is how it affects the future of photography.

In short, the final image does not represent what the sensor detected and the algorithm processed. It represents an idealized version of what might be possible, but that’s not because the sensor and camera lens are too small.

The looming battle for realism

From our point of view, the key principle of iPhone photography has always been realism and precision. While there’s a perfect middle ground of saturation, sharpness, and exposure, Apple has tended to move closer to the middle over the past decade, though it hasn’t always remained perfectly consistent.

We recognize that photography is incredibly subjective, but it seems that Android photography, namely Samsung, has moved away from realism. Again, not necessarily a negative choice, but an informed choice made by Samsung that customers should respond to.

For the subject of this discussion, Samsung and Pixel devices have slowly moved away from this ideal center of realistic representation. They compete for more saturation, sharpness or nocturnal exposure at night.

The example above shows how the Galaxy S22 Ultra favored more exposure and saturation, which resulted in loss of detail. Innocent and savvy choices, but the iPhone 13 Pro, in this case, comes home with a more detailed photo that can be edited later.

This difference in how photos are captured is defined in the savvy algorithms used by each device. As these algorithms progress, future photography decisions may lead to more informed choices that cannot be reversed later.

For example, by changing the way the moon appears using advanced algorithms without alerting the user, that image is forever changed to match what Samsung thinks is ideal. Of course, if users know how to disable the feature, they can, but they probably won’t.

We’re excited about the future of photography, but as photography enthusiasts, we hope it’s not so invisible. Like Apple’s Portrait Mode, Live Photos, and other processing techniques, make it the option with obvious toggles. Also, make it reversible.

Tap the shutter in a device’s main camera app to take a representative photo of what the sensor sees. If the user wants more, let them choose to add it via toggles before or edit it after.

For now, try taking photos of the night sky with just your iPhone and a tripod. That works.

why it matters

It’s important to point out that there’s no problem replacing the ugly glowing ball in the sky with a real moon, or removing people or trash (or trash) from a photo. However, it should be a controllable, switchable, and visible process to the user.

Computational photography is the future, for better or for worse

Computational photography is the future, for better or for worse

As the algorithms progress, we will see more idealized and processed images from Android smartphones. Worst offenders will remove or replace items outright without notice.

Apple will inevitably improve its on-device image processing and algorithms. But, based on how the company has approached photography so far, we expect it to do so while respecting the user’s desire for realism.

Tribalism in the tech community has always caused debate among users. These have included Mac or PC, iPhone or Android, and soon, real or ideal photos.

We hope that Apple will continue to choose realism and user control over photos in the future. Giving a company complete control over what the user captures in a camera, down to modifying images to match an ideal, doesn’t seem like a future we want to be a part of.

Create a Facebook account 2022
Anyone can Create a new Facebook account. if you want Create a Facebook account
or configure it, see this guide. Here you will find step-by-step
instructions on how to set up a Facebook account in different ways, how
to get a Facebook page for your business.

Advantages of creating a Facebook account
no secret that Facebook is one of the biggest social media platforms
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Create a new Facebook account without a phone number
naturally, How to create a Facebook account
Very simple, almost all users know, simple and not at all
complicated, but one of the requirements to create your personal
Facebook account is that you have a phone number to confirm it. account
when you create it, but to the delight of some users, you can
Create Facebook account without a phone number easily through your android phone.
How to Create a New Facebook Account Without a Phone Number
It is a social and business website for some users, but when you have a
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customers to connect with you on Facebook, you should not provide your
personal account to protect privacy and not . frequently throughout the
day, so you will have to
Create a Facebook account another to
receive your orders. And some people want another Facebook account just
to hang out with friends. Let’s learn together
How to Create a Facebook Account Without a Phone Number in the next paragraph.
How to Create a New Facebook Account Without a Phone Number
necessary process Create a Facebook account
Not tied to a phone number You have an Android phone and it just needs
to be an Android phone. Then follow these steps to create an account on
your phone without the help of a laptop:

Access the Google Play Store.

Find Facebook Lite Facebook.

Then download and install the app on your phone.

Open the app and choose the language that suits you best.

Click Create New Account.

Then fill in your first and last name.

When you reach the phone number step, you will find the registration via email at the bottom of the screen.

Click to register via email.

Type your e-mail.

Then click next and wait for the activation code to be sent to your email.

Then add the activation code.

Fill in the registration information.
The second way to create a new Facebook account without a phone number
There are many ways To create a Facebook account
No need for a phone number to sign up for an account. One of the ways
is to use a number that is different from your personal number, like
using a fake number from the Internet, and you can find many
applications in the Google Play Store that provide this service, and it
is a service that creates Americans, for example, or numbers that Brits
must activate social media accounts like WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram
and other social media sites. With these apps you can create an account
on any app and get a fake number with which you can easily create an
account on the Facebook social networking platform and associate the
fake phone number with that account.

imperfections Create a new Facebook account without a phone number
Activating a Facebook account with a fake number has disadvantages and
harms, mainly losing your account in an application that provides a
service to create fake numbers. You are from Facebook on your phone
number, in this case you cannot receive the code because you do not have
a dummy account. Or because Facebook has received many complaints
about your personal Facebook account and wants to verify the credibility
of the account holder by sending a code on your phone or on the number
you linked to the account, here in this case we are talking about fake

Configure your Facebook profile
If you are new to this social networking platform then… Create a Facebook profile It can be stressful for you. So here are some tips to help you get started with Facebook:

a Profile Photo – You should add your photo first so your friends and
acquaintances can easily identify you and send you friend requests.

SOME FRIENDS – Start looking for your friends and send them friend
requests, but make sure not to overdo it, as this can block your FB
account or get Facebook arrested.

Privacy settings – Create a new Facebook account
one thing and managing it is another; Understand your privacy settings
before posting too much personal information on Facebook. It’s
important to know how you share your personal information with others
and with the Facebook app so you don’t run into privacy issues.

tip – If you are using a Facebook account on a public network, never
share your password with anyone. Also, do not enter the wrong password
multiple times as this will deactivate your Facebook account.

Are you having trouble logging into your Facebook account?
If you are unable to log in to your Facebook account, you can recover it by following these steps:

Try to recover your Facebook account
If you find that your password is invalid or missing, try resetting it.
you’re having problems with your email, username or phone number, try
logging into your account with an alternate email or phone number.

you signed up for a Facebook account via email, you’ll need to contact
your email service provider to access your Facebook account email to
sign in.

Reasons why Facebook account fails
will only see a message that your account is disabled when you try to
log in. If you don’t see this message, you have another problem logging
in. Your Facebook account can be disabled for many reasons. some

Posting content that doesn’t follow Facebook’s terms.

Using a fake name.

Personify someone.

Continue to engage in behavior that isn’t allowed on Facebook and that violates our Community Guidelines.

Contact others for promotional, advertising, abusive or harassing purposes.
How to create a new Facebook account
if you want it now Create a new Facebook account Using your phone number instead of your email address, you need to follow these steps:

Go to facebook.com and click Create New Account.

Enter your telephone number and other personal information requested in the “Registration” form; Click “Login” when finished.

the verification code you received on your mobile number and click
Continue. That’s all you need to do to set up a new Facebook account
with your phone number.

distance Create a Facebook account newYou
can manage your account settings and keep it private or open to the
public. For further use, just enter your email address/phone number and
password when creating your account to login your Facebook account.

How to Create a New Facebook Account on Your Computer
Here we will learn how to create a new Facebook gmail account on computer, and here are the necessary steps:

Turn on the computer and launch the browser.

Click Create New Account.

After that, a window will appear where you need to enter:

Your first and middle name.

Your gmail (which we created earlier).

Account password.

After completing these steps, you have to click on Create a Facebook account.

After that, a window will appear asking you to confirm the email as follows:

you have to do is go to your email inbox and you will find a message
from Facebook, you have two options, click on the blue confirmation
option or copy the confirmation code and add it to the previous window.

Facebook account verification without number

After entering the code, click Confirm below.

so you did Create a new Facebook account on Gmail.
Create a Facebook account on your phone
When using your phone to create a new Facebook Gmail account, you must first Download the Facebook app from Google Play
If you are using a phone with limited specs, not enough storage space
or don’t want to consume your internet package quickly. Facebook Lite
is the right app. Now, let’s start explaining:

Open the Facebook app.

Click Create a new account and grant it to Facebook Permissions to complete account creation.

In the next window, click on the Next option to start creating a new email account on your phone.

Enter your name and tap Next, select your date of birth by month, day and year and tap Next again to go to the next step.

Select your gender and click Next.

the next step you will be asked to enter a phone number but we are
creating a new facebook gmail account without phone number or email so
you should choose email login option. Then enter your email and click

that, you must enter your password, then a window will appear to
confirm the registration process, just click on the “Register” option.

In the Save Login Information window, you can save the information in an application Facebook So that you can access your account easily next time.

After that you will be ready Create a new Facebook account.


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