The oldest Hebrew Bible could be the most expensive historical document ever sold at auction

featured image

According to Sotheby’s, a Hebrew Bible believed to be the first near-complete version of the essential book could become the most expensive historical document ever put up for auction.

This Bible, known as the Codex Sassoon, is over a thousand years old but is in remarkable condition for its age and is only missing 12 leaves. Sotheby’s will auction the 400-page manuscript for between $30 million and $50 million on May 16, after it went on display in several major cities after decades out of public view.

“The Codex Sassoon has long held a revered and legendary place in the pantheon of surviving historical records and is undeniably one of the most important and singular texts in human history,” said Richard Austin, global head of books and manuscripts at Sotheby’s. . “With such eminence, the codex has an unmistakable presence and gravitas that can only be carried by over a thousand years of history.”

Prior to codices such as Sassoon, ancient Hebrew biblical texts existed only in scroll form such as the Historical Dead Sea Scrolls. These fragmented documents dating back approximately 2,000 years lacked chapters or verses and lacked punctuation to guide readers on how to pronounce, sing and understand the sacred words they contained.

Scholarly notes appear in the margins of the Codex Sassoon.


The Codex Sassoon, on the other hand, contains all 24 books of the Hebrew Bible in one place, organized into three parts – the Pentateuch, the Prophets and the Writings – and complete with accents that function as musical notes and vowels that appear as dots below Hebrew letters to guide how words should be pronounced and understood.

The parchment pages also display annotations and inscriptions from all centuries in the margins, between the columns, and along the top of the pages. These notes include commentaries, by early Jewish biblical scholars known as Masoretes, on how words should be written and recited.

“Their work resulted in the creation of an accurate and authoritative text of the Hebrew Bible that is still used around the world today,” said Sharon Liberman Mintz, Judaic scholar at Sotheby’s. books and manuscripts departmentsaid.

Other inscriptions in the Codex Sassoon bring his story and travels to life.

An entry from the early 11th century, for example, refers to a sale by a businessman named Khalaf ben Abraham to Isaac ben Ezekiel al-Attar. Al-Attar then transferred ownership to his sons, Ezekiel and Maimon.

Another inscription tells us that the Codex Sassoon belonged to a synagogue in Syria, probably in the 13th century. Yet another informs us that the city where this synagogue was located was destroyed around the year 1400 and that the Codex was entrusted to a member of the community named Salama bin Abi al-Fakhr who was commissioned to return it when the place of worship was rebuilt. It never was.

The old manuscript bears the name of one of its owners, David Solomon Sassoonprolific and famous British collector of Judaic and Hebrew manuscripts, who died in 1942. He acquired the codex in 1929 and attached its bookplate to the inside cover, where it remains.

Sassoon’s heirs sold the codex to the British Rail Pension Fund in 1978 through Sotheby’s Zurich, and current owner Jacob Safra, heir to a Lebanese-Swiss Syrian banking family, acquired it in 1989. Safra recently carbon dated it and found it to be a century older than the first fully complete Hebrew Bible, known as the Leningrad Codex.

Ahead of Sotheby’s auctions at Codex Sassoon, it will tour the world, stopping first at Sotheby’s in London from February 22-28, then continuing on to Tel Aviv, Dallas, Los Angeles and New York.

According to Rabbi Mordechai Lightstone, founder of Tech tribea community for Jews in technology and digital media.

“The Codex Sassoon is exciting,” he said, “because it represents a link in the chain of Jewish tradition, linking the ancient scripture from Sinai (where the Ten Commandments were given to Moses by God, according to the Hebrew Bible) to the very texts studied today on our digital devices.”

Create a Facebook account 2022
Anyone can Create a new Facebook account. if you want Create a Facebook account
or configure it, see this guide. Here you will find step-by-step
instructions on how to set up a Facebook account in different ways, how
to get a Facebook page for your business.

Advantages of creating a Facebook account
no secret that Facebook is one of the biggest social media platforms
today, it is dominating the social media market where you can find all
your friends, relatives and colleagues, follow the content you want and
reach the celebrities who know you. . , in short, Facebook offers the
following features:

Communication with friends and relatives.

Meet new people on social media.

Share photos, videos and moments.

Find local events.

Perfect game collection to spend your free time.

Watch live and important videos.

Buying and selling from within the Facebook app.

Good notification system for all updates.
Create a new Facebook account without a phone number
naturally, How to create a Facebook account
Very simple, almost all users know, simple and not at all
complicated, but one of the requirements to create your personal
Facebook account is that you have a phone number to confirm it. account
when you create it, but to the delight of some users, you can
Create Facebook account without a phone number easily through your android phone.
How to Create a New Facebook Account Without a Phone Number
It is a social and business website for some users, but when you have a
personal Facebook account and you have some business and you want
customers to connect with you on Facebook, you should not provide your
personal account to protect privacy and not . frequently throughout the
day, so you will have to
Create a Facebook account another to
receive your orders. And some people want another Facebook account just
to hang out with friends. Let’s learn together
How to Create a Facebook Account Without a Phone Number in the next paragraph.
How to Create a New Facebook Account Without a Phone Number
necessary process Create a Facebook account
Not tied to a phone number You have an Android phone and it just needs
to be an Android phone. Then follow these steps to create an account on
your phone without the help of a laptop:

Access the Google Play Store.

Find Facebook Lite Facebook.

Then download and install the app on your phone.

Open the app and choose the language that suits you best.

Click Create New Account.

Then fill in your first and last name.

When you reach the phone number step, you will find the registration via email at the bottom of the screen.

Click to register via email.

Type your e-mail.

Then click next and wait for the activation code to be sent to your email.

Then add the activation code.

Fill in the registration information.
The second way to create a new Facebook account without a phone number
There are many ways To create a Facebook account
No need for a phone number to sign up for an account. One of the ways
is to use a number that is different from your personal number, like
using a fake number from the Internet, and you can find many
applications in the Google Play Store that provide this service, and it
is a service that creates Americans, for example, or numbers that Brits
must activate social media accounts like WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram
and other social media sites. With these apps you can create an account
on any app and get a fake number with which you can easily create an
account on the Facebook social networking platform and associate the
fake phone number with that account.

imperfections Create a new Facebook account without a phone number
Activating a Facebook account with a fake number has disadvantages and
harms, mainly losing your account in an application that provides a
service to create fake numbers. You are from Facebook on your phone
number, in this case you cannot receive the code because you do not have
a dummy account. Or because Facebook has received many complaints
about your personal Facebook account and wants to verify the credibility
of the account holder by sending a code on your phone or on the number
you linked to the account, here in this case we are talking about fake

Configure your Facebook profile
If you are new to this social networking platform then… Create a Facebook profile It can be stressful for you. So here are some tips to help you get started with Facebook:

a Profile Photo – You should add your photo first so your friends and
acquaintances can easily identify you and send you friend requests.

SOME FRIENDS – Start looking for your friends and send them friend
requests, but make sure not to overdo it, as this can block your FB
account or get Facebook arrested.

Privacy settings – Create a new Facebook account
one thing and managing it is another; Understand your privacy settings
before posting too much personal information on Facebook. It’s
important to know how you share your personal information with others
and with the Facebook app so you don’t run into privacy issues.

tip – If you are using a Facebook account on a public network, never
share your password with anyone. Also, do not enter the wrong password
multiple times as this will deactivate your Facebook account.

Are you having trouble logging into your Facebook account?
If you are unable to log in to your Facebook account, you can recover it by following these steps:

Try to recover your Facebook account
If you find that your password is invalid or missing, try resetting it.
you’re having problems with your email, username or phone number, try
logging into your account with an alternate email or phone number.

you signed up for a Facebook account via email, you’ll need to contact
your email service provider to access your Facebook account email to
sign in.

Reasons why Facebook account fails
will only see a message that your account is disabled when you try to
log in. If you don’t see this message, you have another problem logging
in. Your Facebook account can be disabled for many reasons. some

Posting content that doesn’t follow Facebook’s terms.

Using a fake name.

Personify someone.

Continue to engage in behavior that isn’t allowed on Facebook and that violates our Community Guidelines.

Contact others for promotional, advertising, abusive or harassing purposes.
How to create a new Facebook account
if you want it now Create a new Facebook account Using your phone number instead of your email address, you need to follow these steps:

Go to and click Create New Account.

Enter your telephone number and other personal information requested in the “Registration” form; Click “Login” when finished.

the verification code you received on your mobile number and click
Continue. That’s all you need to do to set up a new Facebook account
with your phone number.

distance Create a Facebook account newYou
can manage your account settings and keep it private or open to the
public. For further use, just enter your email address/phone number and
password when creating your account to login your Facebook account.

How to Create a New Facebook Account on Your Computer
Here we will learn how to create a new Facebook gmail account on computer, and here are the necessary steps:

Turn on the computer and launch the browser.

Click Create New Account.

After that, a window will appear where you need to enter:

Your first and middle name.

Your gmail (which we created earlier).

Account password.

After completing these steps, you have to click on Create a Facebook account.

After that, a window will appear asking you to confirm the email as follows:

you have to do is go to your email inbox and you will find a message
from Facebook, you have two options, click on the blue confirmation
option or copy the confirmation code and add it to the previous window.

Facebook account verification without number

After entering the code, click Confirm below.

so you did Create a new Facebook account on Gmail.
Create a Facebook account on your phone
When using your phone to create a new Facebook Gmail account, you must first Download the Facebook app from Google Play
If you are using a phone with limited specs, not enough storage space
or don’t want to consume your internet package quickly. Facebook Lite
is the right app. Now, let’s start explaining:

Open the Facebook app.

Click Create a new account and grant it to Facebook Permissions to complete account creation.

In the next window, click on the Next option to start creating a new email account on your phone.

Enter your name and tap Next, select your date of birth by month, day and year and tap Next again to go to the next step.

Select your gender and click Next.

the next step you will be asked to enter a phone number but we are
creating a new facebook gmail account without phone number or email so
you should choose email login option. Then enter your email and click

that, you must enter your password, then a window will appear to
confirm the registration process, just click on the “Register” option.

In the Save Login Information window, you can save the information in an application Facebook So that you can access your account easily next time.

After that you will be ready Create a new Facebook account.


Post a Comment

Post a Comment (0)

#buttons=(Accept !) #days=(20)

Our website uses cookies to enhance your experience. Learn More
Accept !