Future Mac Pro could use Apple Silicon and PCI-E GPUs in parallel


AppleInsider may earn an affiliate commission on purchases made through links on our site.

Although Apple Silicon currently only works with its own integrated GPU cores, Apple is looking to support more options, such as PCI-E GPUs, which all work in tandem.

One thing the Intel Macs had that the Apple Silicon Macs didn’t was the ability to use GPUs in external enclosures via Thunderbolt, or internally in a Mac Pro. There is simply no arrangement with Apple Silicon to do so, at present.

This may not be an issue that concerns most Mac users. This is a big deal for some, and especially for Mac Pro buyers.

Now, however, a set of four recently revealed patent applications seem to show that Apple is at least considering this problem.

Why Apple dropped support for multiple GPUs

Apple Silicon has made dramatic, virtually unprecedented improvements in performance and capabilities over previous Intel processors. Part of the reason is how new Apple-designed processors have reduced previous bottlenecks.

For example, unlike typical device RAM chips, the new unified memory system saw RAM installed on the central processor. That means you can’t upgrade it later, but it also drastically sped up the speed at which this processor could use RAM.

Apple Silicon processors ship with integrated graphics cores for similar reasons. And to support third parties, Apple would have to find a way to achieve several things.

  • Physically include space for GPU cards or connectors for external GPUs
  • Determine when a task is best served by another GPU
  • Then root the data on this GPU
  • Manage how it fetches data from the GPU

The first point may be addressed in the next Mac Pro, or perhaps a later model, as this machine should be expandable.

Everything else on the list is covered by one or more of the four newly revealed patent applications.

The Benefits of Multiple GPU Support

“Given their increasing computing capabilities, graphics processing units (GPUs) are now widely used for large-scale workloads,” Apple says in the patent application“Logical to hardware slot mapping for GPUs.”

“APIs such as Metal and OpenCI provide software developers with an interface to access GPU computing power for their applications,” he continues. “In recent times, software developers have shifted substantial parts of their applications to GPU usage.”

Apple uses the term “kick” to refer to the type of discrete unit of graphics work that a GPU can perform. He then says there is a problem getting those kicks on the right GPUs.

This scheme is repeated in most new patent applications.

“Data master circuitry (e.g. a compute data master, vertex data master, and pixel data master) can distribute the work of these kicks to multiple replicated shader cores,” says -il, “for example, on a communication structure”.

A graphics card can occupy what Apple calls a “kickslot” which appears to be little more than a PCI-E slot internal or external to the computer. There could be two or more, with macOS switching between them.

Switch between GPUs

Switching between these graphics cards requires technology similar to NVidia’s old Scalable Link Interface (SLI), which controlled cards and kick sets.

Apple’s new patent applications include a called “Kickslot Manager Circuitry For Graphics Processors”, which is part of getting the same result.

“The slot manager circuits can store, using an input from the tracking slot circuit, software-specified information for a set of graphics jobs,” Apple explains. “The slot manager circuit may pre-fetch, from location and prior to allocating shader base resources for the graphics work set, configuration register data for the graphics work set.”

Detail of a patent application regarding the scheduling of data sent to multiple GPUs

Detail of a patent application regarding the scheduling of data sent to multiple GPUs

So two or more GPU cards can work together, but it requires some planning. So Apple’s third new patent application, “Affinity-Based Graphics Scheduling”.

“Distribution circuits may receive a software-specified graphics work set,” Apple explains in this application, “and a software-specified mapping of parts of the graphics work set to groups of GPU subunits” .

“This can improve cache efficiency, in some embodiments,” Apple notes, “by allowing graphics jobs that access the same memory areas to be assigned to the same group of subunits that share a cache.”

Get data from a GPU

Thus, Apple’s patent applications cover physically supporting two or more graphics cards and then determining which is best for a particular task. The patent applications then describe how the work can be distributed among the available GPUs.

This lets retrieve data from the GPU, and this comes from the more general patent application called“Software control techniques for graphics hardware supporting logical slots”.

This patent application includes descriptions of how “control circuits can determine mappings between logical slots and distributed hardware slots for different sets of graphics jobs”.

“Various aspects of mapping can be controlled by software,” he says. “For example, software may specify one or more of the following: priority information for a set of graphical jobs, to retain mapping after job completion, a dispatch rule, a target group of subunits, a subunit mask, a scheduling policy, to retrieve hardware locations from another logical location, etc.”

Detail of patent applications showing an overview of the process

Detail of patent applications showing an overview of the process

It seems that every issue raised by the desire to use multiple graphics cards has at least been investigated by Apple.

So that leaves the obvious question of whether Apple will make a Mac that adds support for multiple GPUs to Apple Silicon – and when.

When we will see multiple graphics cards in a Mac

Apple constantly applies for patents, and there is no guarantee that even granted patents will lead directly to products. Additionally, patents can be enforced for years before Apple can use them.

So, despite all the evidence, it’s not guaranteed that Apple will support multiple GPUs on the Mac – and in particular, it can’t be assumed that the next Mac Pro which is expected soon will.

But the intent is clearly there, and it’s not just a haphazard collection of unrelated patents being filed at the same time. Three of the four patents, for example, name Andrew M. Havlir as the inventor, and three name Steven Fishwick.

Create a Facebook account 2022
Anyone can Create a new Facebook account. if you want Create a Facebook account
or configure it, see this guide. Here you will find step-by-step
instructions on how to set up a Facebook account in different ways, how
to get a Facebook page for your business.

Advantages of creating a Facebook account
no secret that Facebook is one of the biggest social media platforms
today, it is dominating the social media market where you can find all
your friends, relatives and colleagues, follow the content you want and
reach the celebrities who know you. . , in short, Facebook offers the
following features:

Communication with friends and relatives.

Meet new people on social media.

Share photos, videos and moments.

Find local events.

Perfect game collection to spend your free time.

Watch live and important videos.

Buying and selling from within the Facebook app.

Good notification system for all updates.
Create a new Facebook account without a phone number
naturally, How to create a Facebook account
Very simple, almost all users know, simple and not at all
complicated, but one of the requirements to create your personal
Facebook account is that you have a phone number to confirm it. account
when you create it, but to the delight of some users, you can
Create Facebook account without a phone number easily through your android phone.
How to Create a New Facebook Account Without a Phone Number
It is a social and business website for some users, but when you have a
personal Facebook account and you have some business and you want
customers to connect with you on Facebook, you should not provide your
personal account to protect privacy and not . frequently throughout the
day, so you will have to
Create a Facebook account another to
receive your orders. And some people want another Facebook account just
to hang out with friends. Let’s learn together
How to Create a Facebook Account Without a Phone Number in the next paragraph.
How to Create a New Facebook Account Without a Phone Number
necessary process Create a Facebook account
Not tied to a phone number You have an Android phone and it just needs
to be an Android phone. Then follow these steps to create an account on
your phone without the help of a laptop:

Access the Google Play Store.

Find Facebook Lite Facebook.

Then download and install the app on your phone.

Open the app and choose the language that suits you best.

Click Create New Account.

Then fill in your first and last name.

When you reach the phone number step, you will find the registration via email at the bottom of the screen.

Click to register via email.

Type your e-mail.

Then click next and wait for the activation code to be sent to your email.

Then add the activation code.

Fill in the registration information.
The second way to create a new Facebook account without a phone number
There are many ways To create a Facebook account
No need for a phone number to sign up for an account. One of the ways
is to use a number that is different from your personal number, like
using a fake number from the Internet, and you can find many
applications in the Google Play Store that provide this service, and it
is a service that creates Americans, for example, or numbers that Brits
must activate social media accounts like WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram
and other social media sites. With these apps you can create an account
on any app and get a fake number with which you can easily create an
account on the Facebook social networking platform and associate the
fake phone number with that account.

imperfections Create a new Facebook account without a phone number
Activating a Facebook account with a fake number has disadvantages and
harms, mainly losing your account in an application that provides a
service to create fake numbers. You are from Facebook on your phone
number, in this case you cannot receive the code because you do not have
a dummy account. Or because Facebook has received many complaints
about your personal Facebook account and wants to verify the credibility
of the account holder by sending a code on your phone or on the number
you linked to the account, here in this case we are talking about fake

Configure your Facebook profile
If you are new to this social networking platform then… Create a Facebook profile It can be stressful for you. So here are some tips to help you get started with Facebook:

a Profile Photo – You should add your photo first so your friends and
acquaintances can easily identify you and send you friend requests.

SOME FRIENDS – Start looking for your friends and send them friend
requests, but make sure not to overdo it, as this can block your FB
account or get Facebook arrested.

Privacy settings – Create a new Facebook account
one thing and managing it is another; Understand your privacy settings
before posting too much personal information on Facebook. It’s
important to know how you share your personal information with others
and with the Facebook app so you don’t run into privacy issues.

tip – If you are using a Facebook account on a public network, never
share your password with anyone. Also, do not enter the wrong password
multiple times as this will deactivate your Facebook account.

Are you having trouble logging into your Facebook account?
If you are unable to log in to your Facebook account, you can recover it by following these steps:

Try to recover your Facebook account
If you find that your password is invalid or missing, try resetting it.
you’re having problems with your email, username or phone number, try
logging into your account with an alternate email or phone number.

you signed up for a Facebook account via email, you’ll need to contact
your email service provider to access your Facebook account email to
sign in.

Reasons why Facebook account fails
will only see a message that your account is disabled when you try to
log in. If you don’t see this message, you have another problem logging
in. Your Facebook account can be disabled for many reasons. some

Posting content that doesn’t follow Facebook’s terms.

Using a fake name.

Personify someone.

Continue to engage in behavior that isn’t allowed on Facebook and that violates our Community Guidelines.

Contact others for promotional, advertising, abusive or harassing purposes.
How to create a new Facebook account
if you want it now Create a new Facebook account Using your phone number instead of your email address, you need to follow these steps:

Go to facebook.com and click Create New Account.

Enter your telephone number and other personal information requested in the “Registration” form; Click “Login” when finished.

the verification code you received on your mobile number and click
Continue. That’s all you need to do to set up a new Facebook account
with your phone number.

distance Create a Facebook account newYou
can manage your account settings and keep it private or open to the
public. For further use, just enter your email address/phone number and
password when creating your account to login your Facebook account.

How to Create a New Facebook Account on Your Computer
Here we will learn how to create a new Facebook gmail account on computer, and here are the necessary steps:

Turn on the computer and launch the browser.

Click Create New Account.

After that, a window will appear where you need to enter:

Your first and middle name.

Your gmail (which we created earlier).

Account password.

After completing these steps, you have to click on Create a Facebook account.

After that, a window will appear asking you to confirm the email as follows:

you have to do is go to your email inbox and you will find a message
from Facebook, you have two options, click on the blue confirmation
option or copy the confirmation code and add it to the previous window.

Facebook account verification without number

After entering the code, click Confirm below.

so you did Create a new Facebook account on Gmail.
Create a Facebook account on your phone
When using your phone to create a new Facebook Gmail account, you must first Download the Facebook app from Google Play
If you are using a phone with limited specs, not enough storage space
or don’t want to consume your internet package quickly. Facebook Lite
is the right app. Now, let’s start explaining:

Open the Facebook app.

Click Create a new account and grant it to Facebook Permissions to complete account creation.

In the next window, click on the Next option to start creating a new email account on your phone.

Enter your name and tap Next, select your date of birth by month, day and year and tap Next again to go to the next step.

Select your gender and click Next.

the next step you will be asked to enter a phone number but we are
creating a new facebook gmail account without phone number or email so
you should choose email login option. Then enter your email and click

that, you must enter your password, then a window will appear to
confirm the registration process, just click on the “Register” option.

In the Save Login Information window, you can save the information in an application Facebook So that you can access your account easily next time.

After that you will be ready Create a new Facebook account.


Post a Comment

Post a Comment (0)

#buttons=(Accept !) #days=(20)

Our website uses cookies to enhance your experience. Learn More
Accept !